Southend Central Area Action Plan & Proposals Map - Proposed Submission

Ended on the 17 October 2011

Appendix 1

Glossary of terms used

Affordable Housing:

Affordable housing includes social rented and intermediate housing, provided to specified eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Affordable housing should:

- Meet the needs of eligible households including availability at a low cost enough for them to afford, determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices;

- Include provision for the home to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or, if these restrictions are lifted, for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision.

Area Action Plans:

Documents setting out the Authority’s policies and proposals relating to areas of significant change or special conservation.


The diversity (number and variety of species) of plant and animal life within a region.

Civic Space:

A public place in an urban area with its own special character that brings the public together. Civic spaces are often the front porches of public institutions such as courthouses, libraries and local Council offices.

Conservation Area:

An area designated for its special architectural or historic interest.

Development Plan Documents (DPD’s):

Local Development Documents that set out the Authority’s policies and proposals for the development and use of land in its area, and which together form the statutory development plan for the area.

Core Strategy:

The Core Strategy forms part of the LDF and provides the vision, objectives and planning strategy for the spatial development of the whole Borough of Southend-on-Sea until 2021, including the distribution of growth and the policy context for a 10 year housing supply. It also sets out the key policies against which all planning applications will be assessed, and core policies on matters such as transport, retail, employment, open space, minerals and the protection and enhancement of the natural and historic environment, including conservation areas.

Core Town Centre:

Town Centre Area where office and business development will be focused and Policy DS4 of this plan applies. The Core Town Centre should not be confused with the Town Centre Primary Shopping Area (see summary definition below).

The Core Town Centre consists of the following quarters as defined on the Proposal Map: The High Street; Queensway and London Road / Broadway; Elmer Square; Queensway and Southchurch Road; Warrior Square; Tylers; those areas within Clifftown east of Nelson Street, Capel Terrace and Devereux Road.

Frontage of Townscape Merit:

Front facade of a building that is of significance to the history and character of the local townscape given its historical associations, architectural style, visual interest, or siting. The designation of Frontage of Townscape Merit is given to those frontages which are considered worthy of recognition and protection, albeit they may not possess sufficient interest to warrant statutory listing.

Green Belt:

Land that it is considered necessary to keep permanently open in order to achieve one or more of the five purposes of the Green Belt set out in national policy guidance (currently Planning Policy Guidance Note 2, PPG2: Green Belts).


All land that does not fall within the definition of ‘Previously Developed Land’ (see summary definition below). Not all greenfield land will be included within the Green Belt.

Green Roof:

Roof of a building that is partially or completely covered in vegetation, planted over a waterproof membrane.

Green Wall:

A green wall, or living wall, is a self-sufficient vertical garden that is generally attached to the exterior of a building (although green walls can also be free-standing).

Key Worker:

Person employed in an occupation category that is categorised locally or sub-regionally by a number of the following: skills shortages; low response to job advertisements; poor quality of candidates against the person specification; refusal of a job offer by successful candidates; high turnover of staff; viability of service or product threatened by insufficient staff; the provision of essential public services.

Land Use:

How the land is used, for example commercial, residential or leisure.

Landmark Building:

A building that has become, or may become, a point of reference because its height, siting, distinctive design or use sets it apart from surrounding buildings. Examples may include churches and town halls.


The extent to which a development is easy to understand, this can be achieved through adopting good design principle.

Local Development Documents (LDD’s):

Documents setting out the Authority’s policies and proposals for the development and use of land in its area, together with further guidance on those policies and proposals, and which together comprise the Local Development Framework for the area.

Local Development Scheme (LDS):

A document required to be prepared and maintained by the Authority under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 to manage the programme of Local Development Framework preparation, and to inform the public of the documents that will make up that Framework and the timescales they can expect for the preparation and review of these Documents.

Local Transport Plan (LTP):

The Transport Act 2000 requires Local Transport Authorities in England to produce and maintain a Local Transport Plan. LTP’s are required to contain a strategy and an implementation plan. The Local Transport Act 2008 retains the statutory requirement to produce and review Local Transport Plans and policies.

Open Space:

Open spaces have particular importance in terms of providing recreational and amenity value, as well as having the potential to contribute to biodiversity and reducing the impacts of climate change. The loss of protected green spaces identified within the SCAAP will not be permitted.


The extent to which a development provides a variety of safe and convenient routes for pedestrians, cyclists and other vehicles.

Previously Developed Land:

Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings) and associated fixed surface infrastructure. The definition includes the curtilage of the development but excludes land in built-up areas which has not been developed previously (e.g. parks, recreation grounds and allotments, even though these areas may contain certain urban features such as paths, pavilions and other buildings).

Primary Shopping Frontage:

Frontages that include a high proportion of retail uses.

Public Art:

In general, this term is used to describe art which takes place outside of traditional gallery and museum spaces, and which is freely accessible to the public, and forms part of the public realm.

Public Realm:

The publicly accessible external space including streets, squares, civic spaces.


The Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) known as the Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty that embodies the commitments of its member countries to maintain the ecological character of their Wetlands of International Importance and to plan for the sustainable use of all wetlands in their territories. On joining Ramsar Convention each Contracting Party is obliged by Article 2.4 to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. The Benfleet and Southend Marshes Ramsar site qualified under Ramsar Criterion 5 as it supports assemblages of internationally important waterfowl. It is also noted under Criterion 6 as species occurring at internationally important levels are recorded within the area.

Secondary Shopping Frontage:

Secondary Shopping frontages provide greater opportunity for a diversity of uses that complement the main retail core.

Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD’s):

Local Development Documents providing further guidance on the Authority’s policies and proposals for the development and use of land, but which do not form part of the statutory development plan for the area.

Sustainable Communities:

Sustainable communities are places where people want to live and work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They are safe and inclusive, well planned, built and run, and offer equality of opportunity and good services for all.

Town Centre Primary Shopping Area:

Defined area where retail development is concentrated generally comprising Primary Shopping Frontages, and those Secondary Shopping Frontages which are contiguous and clearly related to the primary shopping frontage.

Urban Greening:

Urban Greening refers to opportunities in the public and private realm to enhance the green infrastructure provision by designing into developments, or contributing towards and providing space for, green walls, green roofs, and tree planting. These installations should contribute towards biodiversity and will help to reduce the impacts of climate change by providing shading, cooling and insulation benefits.

Visually Active Frontage:

A visually Active Frontage refers to the back of a building, or a blank elevation, which addresses the public realm, whereby measures are taken to ensure activity at ground floor.

Visually Important View:

A visually important view is one that has been identified for protection as it takes in a landmark or historic building, monument or statue, views into and out of conservation areas, views of landscape features, open space, or views of the pier and seafront. Visually Important Views help to define character and create a sense of place.

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